SEC's investigation of Netflix social media case results in new freedom to release company financial and related developments via Twitter, Facebook, and more.
On April 2, the Securities and Exchange Commission announced that it was not going to initiate enforcement action against Reed Hastings, the CEO of Netflix, who had last year posted a company milestone on his personal Facebook profile without first informing investors.
The ruling, which cleared Netflix, was good news for other companies, too.
SEC's Report of Investigation
You can read key excerpts from the Report of Investigation of the Securities and Exchange Commission at the conclusion of this analysis.
In its Report of Investigation, the SEC indicated that all companies--including banks - are free to use social media channels to announce key company information, as long as they comply with Regulation Fair Disclosure (Regulation FD), and inform investors about which social media channels will be used to disseminate such information.
So what does this mean for banks? How will the SEC ruling impact their use of social media, and what should they do to protect themselves from the associated risks?
Paradigm shift in shareholder communication
According to a recent study conducted by the University of Massachusetts Dartmouth1, 75% of Fortune 500 commercial banks have corporate Twitter accounts, while 70% have a Facebook page. For most of these institutions, social media represents a way to connect with customers on a more personal level, generate new business, and market their products and services.
Yet, the customer is almost always the target audience. A 2012 survey by the Conference Board and Stanford University found that only 14.4% of companies communicate with their shareholders via social media.
There could be many reasons for this. Many organizations prefer traditional forms of communication. Others are still trying to get a grip over the risks associated with social media. But most have been plagued by uncertainty about the applicability of Regulation FD and the SEC's 2008 Guidance on social media.
Fortunately, this issue has been resolved with the SEC's Report of Investigation, which provides clear guidelines governing the use of social media for speaking to shareholders and other investors. Now banks can confidently disclose material information on Facebook or Twitter, and engage shareholders in a real-time dialog. For banks, whose products are highly regulated--and in particular, the product disclosures describing the products--the road ahead is complex and challenging indeed.
Staying out of trouble as issues settle down
Given the many risks associated with using social media to disclose information, here are a few best practices for banks to keep in mind:
• Establish an official social media account
Many banks have social media accounts distributed across multiple channels (such as Facebook, Twitter, and YouTube). Others deliberately create more than one official corporate page on a single channel (e.g., multiple Twitter handles) in the hopes that this will give them more exposure.
But when it comes to disclosing company information, it's best to establish one single, overarching social media account per channel, so as to prevent confusion among shareholders. Banks need to post the same information at the same time across all designated social media channels for complete transparency.
• Design comprehensive social media policies
Social media usage on behalf of an organization needs to be governed by clear and comprehensive policies, so that employees, for instance, don't create multiple "official" accounts without permission, or think that the SEC ruling gives them the freedom to publish sensitive company information as they choose.
These policies should be accompanied by training programs for both employees and third-party associates. They should also be reviewed regularly, and updated in response to organizational changes, market trends, or new regulations.
Banks also need to get very serious about employees' personal social media pages, which may also be used as an outlet for communicating the bank's corporate or customer information. By requiring frequent certification of stringent social media policies, banks will be able to create a defense against legal penalties.
• Implement robust security measures
Social media channels are especially vulnerable to cybersecurity attacks. Now that companies are allowed to post key business information such as financial data, it is very likely that this information could be manipulated and falsified by cyber attackers.
One of the ways that banks can protect themselves is by establishing a core group of professionals who will (a) control the content that goes on social media, (b) ensure that it is represented accurately, (c) monitor the page or account continuously, and (d) implement advanced firewalls and other data security technologies.
• Continually assess and mitigate social media risks
In the wake of the SEC ruling, banks are confronting additional legal, compliance, operational, and reputational risks. Without proper oversight or control over these risks, banks put themselves in danger of attracting lawsuits, regulatory penalties, and reputational damage.
Just a few months ago, the Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council proposed guidelines on how to deal with social media risks. [Editor's note: Read a summary of ABA's comments about the proposed guidance here.] At a broad level, the proposed guidelines encourage banks to have a robust risk management program for identifying, measuring, monitoring, and controlling social media risks. Regular audits, oversight of social media posts, third-party due diligence, and streamlined incident management are some of the processes that experts believe are critical to social media risk management.
• Standardize social media communication
While the SEC has not established any standards for how information should be communicated over social media, banks should standardize their own communication processes, templates, and formats.
Take Twitter, for instance. It can be quite challenging for banks to post financial results within just 140 characters. One way to deal with this is by defining, at the management level, what aspects of financial results should be stated on Twitter, and how many different tweets should be used. This makes it easier for social media users to post information, and for shareholders to know how much and what kind of data they can expect to see.
Where to go next
Both the SEC and Exam council have acknowledged and legitimized social media as an acceptable form of communication.
It's now up to banks to take the ruling forward, and use it to leverage optimal value from their social media strategies--but not before implementing a comprehensive risk and compliance management program.
Social media is a great tool. But it must be used carefully and judiciously, ideally complementing existing forms of communication, rather than replacing them.
About the author
|Shellye Archambeau is CEO at MetricStream, a Palo Alto, Calif.-based company that provides enterprise-wide governance, risk, compliance, and quality-management services for global corporations. MetricStream enterprise solutions are used by leading corporations in diverse industries to manage quality processes, corporate policies, regulatory, and industry-mandated compliance and corporate governance initiatives|
1 "Social Media Surge by the 2012 Fortune 500: Increased Use of Blogs, Facebook, Twitter and More." Conducted By Nora Ganim Barnes, Ph.D.; Ava M. Lescault, MBA; and Justina Andonian, Charlton College of Business Center for Marketing Research, University of Massachusetts Dartmouth.
2 "What do Corporate Directors and Senior Managers Know about Social Media" - by David F. Larcker, Sarah M. Larcker, and Brian Tayan
Key Excerpts From SEC's Report of Investigation
You can find the entire document here [PDF.] The sub-headlines that follow are bankingexchange.com's, not SEC's.
The Triggering Event
"The investigation concerned Hastings's use of his personal Facebook page, on July 3, 2012, to announce that Netflix had streamed 1 billion hours of content in the month of June. Neither Hastings nor Netflix had previously used Hastings's personal Facebook page to announce company metrics, and Netflix had not previously informed shareholders that Hastings's Facebook page would be used to disclose information about Netflix. The post was not accompanied by a press release, a post on Netflix's own web site or Facebook page, or a Form 8-K."
"On July 3, 2012, just before 11:00 a.m. Eastern time, Hastings posted the following message on his personal Facebook page:
‘Congrats to Ted Sarados, and his amazing content licensing team. Netflix monthly viewing exceeded 1 billion hours for the first time ever in June. When House of Cards and Arrested Development debut, we'll blow these records away. Keep going, Ted, we need even more!
"This announcement represented a nearly 50% increase in streaming hours from Netflix's January 25, 2012 announcement that it had streamed 2 billion hours over the preceding three-month quarter.
"Prior to his post, Hastings did not receive input from Netflix's chief financial officer, the legal department, or investor relations department. Netflix did not file with or furnish to the Commission a Current Report on Form 8-K, issue a press release through its standard distribution channels, or otherwise announce the streaming milestone. Also on July 3, 2012, and after the Facebook post, Netflix issued a press release announcing the date of its second quarter 2012 earnings release but did not mention Hastings's Facebook post. Netflix's stock continued a rise that began when the market opened on July 3, increasing from $70.45 at the time of Hastings's Facebook post to $81.72 at the close of the following trading day."
The Big Picture Up Until Now
"Since the issuance of the [SEC's] 2008 Guidance, the use of social media has proliferated and the Commission is aware that public companies are increasingly using social media to communicate with shareholders and the market generally. The ways in which companies may use these social media channels, however, are not fundamentally different from the ways in which the web sites, blogs, and RSS feeds addressed by the 2008 Guidance are used."
A Sense Of What Will Work
"Disclosures on corporate web sites identifying the specific social media channels a company intends to use for the dissemination of material non-public information would give investors and the markets the opportunity to take the steps necessary to be in a position to receive important disclosures--e.g., subscribing, joining, registering, or reviewing that particular channel."
[This article was posted on April 12, 2013, on the website of ABA Banking Journal, www.bankingexchange.com, and is copyright 2013 by the American Bankers Association.]